The Effect of Oregano Essential Oil and Rhus coriaria L. on selected performance parameters of laying hens

Henrieta Arpášová, Miroslava Kačániová, Branislav Gálik, Juraj Čuboň, Martin Mellen


Herbs, spices and their extracts (botanicals) have a wide range of activities. May have a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal microflora of animals, performance and quality of animal products. In this experiment the effects of supplementation of the diet for laying hens with oregano essential oil and Rhus coriaria L. seeds addition on body weight, feed consumption and egg production were studied. Hens of laying hybrid Hy-Line Brown (n=30) were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=10) and fed for 20 weeks with diets with oregano essential oil and Rhus coriaria L. supplemented. In the control group hens received feed mixture with no additions. The diets in the first experimental groups was supplemented with 1 ml/kg oregano essential oil. The feed for second experimental groups of birds consisted of basal diet supplemented with seeds of Rhus coriaria L. of the dose at 1% of total feed mixture. Average body weight for the whole period was in the order of the groups 1791.2, 1803.9 and 1843.5 g (P>0.05). In the feed consumption per feeding day, per egg, or in the feed conversion were observed statistically non-significant differences compared to the control group (P>0.05). Number of eggs per hen during the reporting period was in order of the groups: 135.6, 138.5 and 136.9 pieces, at an average intensity of laying 90.4, 92.34 and 91.26%. The results suggest that the body weight, feed consumption, feed conversion, egg production, egg mass and egg weight were not significantly influenced with oregano oil or Rhus coriaria L. addition (P>0.05).


oregano essential oil, Rhus coriaria L., laying hens, body weight, feed consumption, egg production

Full Text:



LANGHOUT P. 2000. New additives for broiler chickens. In: World Poultry-Elsevier, vol. 16, 2000, no.3, p. 22-27.

HERTRAMPF, J. W. 2001. Alternative antibacterial performance promoters. In: Poultry International. vol. 40, 2001, no.1, p. 50-52.

AMRIK, B. - BILKEI, G. 2004. Influence of farm application of oregano on performances of sows. In Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne, vol. 45, 2004, p. 674–677.

ABD, E. L. - MOTAAL, A. M. - AHMED, A. M. H. - BAHAKAIM, A. S. A. - FATHI, M. M. 2008. Productive Performance and Immunocompetence of Commercial Laying Hens Given Diets Supplemeted with Eucalyptus. In International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 7, 2008, no. 5, p. 445-449.

SUCHÝ, P. - STRAKOVA, E. - MAS, N. - SERMAN. V. - VECEREK, V. - BEDRICA, L. - LUKAC, Z. - HORVAT, Z. 2010. The effect of a herbal additive on performance parameters in layers. In Tierarztliche Umschau, vol. 65, 2010, no. 2, s. 74-78.

ARPÁŠOVÁ, H. 2011. Fytobiotiká ako náhrada antibiotických stimulátorov rastu a ich vplyv na úžitkovosť a kvalitu vajec sliepok znáškového typu. Vedecká monografia. SPU : Nitra, 2011, 101 s. ISBN 978-80-552-0555-7

ANGELOVIČOVÁ, M. - KAČÁNIOVÁ, M. - ANGELOVIČ, M. – LOPAŠOVSKÝ, Ľ. 2010. Per os use of Thymi aetheroleum for growth performance of the broiler chickens. In Potravinárstvo. roč. 4, 2010, mimoriadne číslo, s 127-132.

ZEYTINOGLU, H. - INCESU, Z. - BASER, K. H. 2003. Inhibition of DNA synthesis by carvacrol in mouse myoblast cells bearing a human NRAS oncogene. In Phytomedicine, vol. 10, 2003, p. 292–299.

NASAR-ABBAS, S. M. - HALKMAN, A. K. - AL-HAQ, M. I. 2004. Inhibition of some foodborne bacteria by alcohol extract of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.). In Journal of Food Safety, vol. 24, 2004, p. 257–267.

CHAKRABORTY, A. - FERK, F. - SIMIĆ, T. - BRANTNER, A. - DUŠINSKÁ, M. - KUNDI, M. - HOELZL, C. - KNASMÜLLER, S. 2009. DNA-protective effects of sumach (Rhus coriaria L.), a common spice: Results of human and animal studies. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, vol. 661, 2009, no. 1-2, p. 10-17

ABBAS, K. A. 2009. Using of Non-Traditional Plants and Spices in Broiler Nutrition. PhD thesis. 185 p.

MEHRDAD, M. - ZEBARDAST, M. - ABEDI, G. - KOUPAEI, M. N. - RASOULI, H. - TALEBI, M. (2009). Validated high throughput HPLC method for the analysis of flavonol aglycones myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol in Rhus coriaria L. using a monolithic column. J. AOAC. Int. 92:1035-1043.

ÖZCAN, M. M. – AKBULUT, M. (2007). Estimation of minerals, nitrate and nitrite contents of

medicinal and aromatic plants used as spices, condiments and herbal tea. Food. Chem. 106:852-858.

RAYNE, S. - MAZZA, D. G. (2007). Biological activities of extracts from sumac (Rhus spp.): A review; Plant. Food. Hum. Nut. 62:165-175.

NASAR-ABBAS, S. M. - HALKMAN, A. K. 2004b. Antimicrobial effect of water extract of sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) on the growth of some food borne bacteria including pathogens. In International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 97, 2004, p. 63–69

KAYA, S. - ERDOGAN, Z. - ERDOGAN, S. 2003. Effect of different dietary levels of Yucca schidigera powder on the performance, blood parameters and egg yolk cholesterol of laying quails. In Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series a-Physiology Pathology Clinical Medic, vol. 50, 2003, no. 1, p. 14-17.

YALCIN, S. - YALCIN, S. - EROL, H. - BUGDAYCI, K. E. - OZSOY, B. - CAKIR, S..2009. Effects of dietary black cumin seed (Nigella sativa L.) on performance, egg traits, egg cholesterol content and egg yolk fatty acid composition in laying hens. In Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 89, 2009, no. 10, s.1737-1742.

AZEKE, M. A. - EKPO, K. E. 2009. Egg yolk cholesterol lowering effects of garlic and tea. In Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, vol. 3, 2009, no. 12, p. 1113-1117.

HOSSEINI VASHAN, S. J. - AFZALI, N. - MALLEKANEH, M. - NASSERI, M. A. - ALLAHRESAN, A. 2008: The Effect of Different Concentrations of Safflower Seed on Laying Hen’s Performance, Yolk and Blood Cholesterol and Immune Systém. In International Journal of Poultry Science,vol. 7, 2008, no. 5, p. 470–473. ISSN 1682-8356.

GÜÇLÜ K.B. - ÜNIVERSITESI E. - FAKÜLTESI V. - DALI A. 2003. The Effects of Yucca schidigera extract added to quail rations on egg production, egg quality and some blood parameters, In Turkisch. Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 2003, no. 27, p. 567-574.

NIU, Z. - FU, J. - GAO, Y. - LIU, F. 2008, Influence of paprika extract supplement on egg quality of laying hens fed wheat-based diet In International Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 7, 2008, no. 9, p. 887-889.

CANOGULLARI, S. - KARAMAN, M. - ERDOGAN, Z. - BAYLAN, M. - KUCUKGUL, A. - DUZGUNER, V. - KEMALI OZUGUR, A. 2009. Effect of garlic powder on egg yolk and serum cholesterol and performance of laying hens. In Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy, vol.53, 2009, no. 3, p. 515-519.

KANG, H. K. – KANG, G. H. – NA, J. C. – YU, D. J. – KIM, D. W. – LEE, S. J. – KIM, S. H. 2008. Effects of feeding Rhus verniciflua Extract on egg quality and performance of laying hens. In Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, vol. 29, 2009, no. 5, p. 610-615.

BÖLÜKBAŞI, S. C. - KAYNAR, O. - ERHAN, M. K. - URUPAN, H. 2009: Effect of feeding Nigella sativa oil on laying hen performance, cholesterol and some proteins ratio of egg yolk and Escherichia coli count in feces. In Archiv für Geflügelkunde, vol. 73, 2009, no. 3, p. 167–172. ISSN 0003-9098

FLOROU-PANERI P, NIKOLAKAKIS I, GIANNENAS I, KOIDIS A, BOTSOGLOU E, DOTAS V, MITSOPOULOS I. Hen performance and egg quality as affected by dietary oregano essential oil and αα-tocopheryl acetate supplementation. International Journal of Poultry Science 2005; 4(7):449-454.

BOTSOGLOU, N. - FLOROU-PANERI, P. - BOTSOGLOU, E. - DOTAS, V. - GIANNENAS, I. - KOIDIS, A. - MITRAKOS, P. 2005. The effect of feeding rosemary, oregano, saffron and alpha-tocopheryl acetate on hen performance and oxidative stability of eggs. In South African Journal of Animal Science, vol.35, 2005, no. 3, p. 143-151.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)

Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at]
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110