Blood Protein Polymorphism of Small Cattle Bred in Armenia

Gayane Marmaryan, Manvel Badalyan, Romik Kamalyan




Biochemical and genetic markers have not yet been used in selection and breeding of agricultural animals in Armenia. The objective behind the experiments was to assess the small cattle bred in Armenia- the semi-coarse wool and semi-fine wool sheep, as well as goats of different genotypes characterized by different milk productivity, polymorphic blood proteins-transferrin, ceruloplasmin, aiming to use them in breeding. Another objective was to study the genetic distance between the researched breeds and crossbreeds aiming to reveal the genetic similarity. The findings of research studies come to show that goats with polymorphic transferrin locus and a big set of genotypes are characterized by higher milk productivity; therefore it is recommended that they be used in selection as a supplementary milk productivity marker. The genetic distance between the researched goats comprised 0,60 which comes to show that semi-fine wool sheep were also bred with the help of semi-coarse wool crossbreeds. The high coefficients of genetic distance of crossbreed goats compared to both the highly milk producing imported breeds and the locals are indicative of inherited high adaptability qualities of locals and high milk producing quality of pure breeds.





ceruloplasmin; goats; polymorphism; sheep; transferrin

Full Text:




Annual Statistical Yearbook of Armenia. Yerevan, 2001-2013: 2001, pp.291-294; 2002, pp.307, 318-322; 2003, pp.310-319; 2004, pp.301, 312-315; 2005, pp.307-311; 2006, pp.311-314; 2007, pp.286-289; 2008, pp.281-290; 2009, pp.287-289; 2010, pp.310-313; 2011, pp.304, 310-313; 2012, pp.297-298, 303-305; 2013, pp.309-311; 2014, p.306.

V.I.Glazko, Isoenzymes Genetics of Agricultural Animals. Findings of Science and Technics, Series of General Genetics, M., VNIITI. Vol. 10, 1988, p.212.

A.K.Kadiev, I.V.Musaeva, Genetic Balancing of Some Breeds of Sheep by Blood Proteins. Sheep, Goats, Wool Production. N3, 2013, pp.33-34.

S.N.Petrov, Applying Genetic Technology to Characterize Biological Peculiarities and Breed Origin of Sheep. Dissertation. Dubrovicy, 2008, p.126.

G.M.Rothe, A Survey on the Formation Localization of Secondary Isoenzymes in Mammalian, Hum., Gen. Vol. 56, N2, 1980, pp.129-155.

E.A.Yegorov, Genetic Systems of Blood Proteins of Sheep, Tashkent, 1973, p.226.

N.Kh.Metkhiev, Yu.P.Shalimov, M.A.Rish, Ceruloplazmin Biochemical Polymorphism of Karakul Sheep. Report, AN USSR, Vol.198, 1971, pp.457-460.

U.K.Laemmli, Cleavage of Structural Proteins during the Assembly of the Head of Bacteriophage. Nature 227, Vol.4, 1970 (5259), pp.680-685.

E.K.Merkuryeva, Z.B.Abramova, A.V.Baikai, et al. Genetics, Moscow, Agropromizdat, 1991, p.446.

S.K.Okhapkin, I.M.Dunin, Yu.I.Rojkov, Selection and Evolution Process, Moscow, VNII plem., 1995, p.218.

L.K.Marzanova, Immune and Biotechnological Characteristics of Goat Blood and Milk. Dissertation, Dubrovicy, 2002, p.125.

M.G.Nasibov, Theory and Practice of Using Genetic Markers in Sheep Breeding. Dissertation, Lesnie Poliany, 2007, p.192.

A.K.Kadiev, I.V.Musaeva, Genetic Balancing of Some Breeds of Sheep by Blood Proteins. Sheep, Goats, Wool Production. N3, 2013, pp.33-34.

N.S.Marzanov, Ya.M.Badalov, L.K.Marzanova, N.A.Chervyakov, N.A.Belyavin, S.G.Kanatbaev, Allele Fund of Oparin Sheep Breed. Report of RASKHN, N2, 2000, pp.38-40.

M.Tapio, J.Miccikiene, J.Vikki, J.Kantanen, Comparison of Microsatellite and Blood Protein Diversity in Sheep: Inconsistences in Fragmented Breeds. Molecular Ecology, 2003, N12(8), p.56.

M.Yu.Ozerov, Allele Fund Characteristics of Different Sheep Breeds by Microsatellites. Dissertation, Moscow, 2004, p.18.

N.S.Marzanov, M.G.Nasibov, L.G.Marzanova, N.G.Bunarov et al., Mono- and Dizygosity in Different Types of Ruminants. Agricultural Biology, N6, 2006, pp.15-20.

K.S. Rodrigez, Characteristics of Genetic Structure of Hybrid Flock of Animals by Polymorph Systems of Blood and Milk Proteins, Dissertation, Moscow, 2009, p.109.

T.S.Sadikulov, G.L.Kim, The Possibility of Using Some Blood Polymorph Systems in Selection of Deger Sheep. Bulletin of Agricultural Sciences of Kazakhstan, N8, 1985, pp.52-54.

A.A.Lazovski, Reproduction Capacity of Ewes Depending on Different Types of Potassium, Hemoglobin and Transferrin Level. Scientific Foundations for Developing Animal Husbandry in BSSR. N5, 1975, pp.90-92.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies

Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at]
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110