Seasonal changes in blood parameters in juvenile Cyprinus carpio

Elena Eugenia Mocanu, Floricel Maricel Dima, Viorica Savu, Marcel Daniel Popa

Abstract


Temporal variations in the biochemical and haematological parameters of blood must be taken into account as it is a useful indicator for assessing the nutritional status, non-specific immunity and health of fish in general.

The aim of this study was to analyse changes in the biochemical and haematological profile of blood in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) depending on the environmental changes characteristic for each season. The lower mean haematocrit, identified in the spring, which correlates with the lower erythrocyte count, implies a more pronounced anaemia in carp after the winter period. The specimens analysed in spring and summer show an increase in the percentage of neutrophils by 60%, compared to the specimens analysed in autumn. Lower values for albumin in spring (0.65±0.22 g/dL) suggest a disruption of protein synthesis function in liver, which is not true for biological material during summer (0.90±0.60 g/dL), and autumn (0.95±0.25 g/dL). CK and CRE values are within normal limits throughout the study period, indicating no injury or muscle atrophy for the analysed specimens. These results suggest that seasonal changes in the environment cause temporary changes in the indicators of the biochemical and haematological profile of the blood of Cyprinus carpio.


Keywords


Cypinus carpio; Haematological indices; Biochemical indices of blood plasma

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barreto, R. E. & Volpato, G. L., Stress responses of the fish Nile tilapia subjected to electroshock and social stressors. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2006, 39: 1605-1612.

Lowe, C.J. and Davison, W., Plasma osmolarity, glucose concentration and erythrocyte responses of two Antarctic nototheniid fishes to acute and chronic thermal change. Journal of Fish Biology, 2005, 67: 752-766. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00775.x

Bruce A.Barton, George K.Iwama, Physiological changes in fish from stress in aquaculture with emphasis on the response and effects of corticosteroids, Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1991, Volume 1, Pages 3-26, ISSN 0959-8030. https://doi.org/10.1016/0959-8030(91)90019-G.

Ghittino, P. Tecnologia e Patologia in Aquacoltura, 1983. vol I, Ed.Bono, Torino.

Bocioc E., Cristea V., Patriche N., Grecu I., Antache A., Creţu M., Hematological Profile of the Juvenile Carp (Cyprinus carpio, L. 1758) Reared into a Recirculating Aquaculture System with Probiotics Supplement, Bulletin UASVM Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 2015, 72 (1), pg. 8-14.

I. Ahmed, Z.A. Sheikh, Comparative study of hematological parameters of snow trout Schizopyge plagiostomus and Schizopyge niger inhabiting two different habitats, Eur. Zool. J., 2020, 87 (1) , pp. 12-19, 10.1080/24750263.2019.1705647

S.M. Ahmed and A.H. Ali, Serum proteins and leucocytes differentialcount in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)infested with ectoparasites, Mesopot. J. Mar. Sci., 2013, 28 (2): 151 – 162.

Ramesh M. Thilagavathi T. Rathika R. Poopal R. K., Antioxidant status, biochemical, and hematological responses in a cultivable fish Cirrhinus mrigala exposed to an aquaculture antibiotic Sulfamethazine. Aquaculture, 2018, 491, 10–19.

Mohammad M.A. & W. A. Qasab Bashi , Effect of Partial Substitution Spirulina Instead Ofsoybean Meal in Common Carp Cyprinus Carpio l. Diet on Some Bloodpicture Andsome Biochemical, Criteria, Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2020, 51(6):1740-1746.

Vutukuru S. S., Chromium induced alterations in some biochemical profiles of the Indian major carp, Labeo rohita (Hamilton), Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2003, 70 (1), 0118- 0123

Nazish Iftikhar, Imran Hashmi, Assessment of immunohematological, hematological and biochemical responses in cultivable fish Cyprinus carpio exposed to an antibiotic sulfamethoxazole (SMX), J Water Health, 2020, 19 (1): 108–119.

Mohammed Shaker Al-Khshali and Hasan Ali Al Hilali, Some physiological changes of common carp caused by high salinity, Biochem. Cell.Arch., 2019, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 4605-4610.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies


Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies publish open access articles under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence (read full legal code).


LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
_________________________________________________________________

Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110